what is a plant asset

Industries or businesses that require a large number of fixed assets like PP&E are described as capital intensive. From an accounting perspective, plant assets are typically held on the balance sheet at historical cost (what the company paid for them) less depreciation (ongoing wear-and-tear expense) over time. This can help provide accurate financial information if the market for plant assets is unusually volatile.

  • While they’re most definitely both considered part of the asset category, current assets and plant assets don’t share all that much in common.
  • These assets are a subset of the fixed assets classification, which includes such other asset types as vehicles, office equipment, and intangible assets.
  • The remaining service life of the truck should be estimated and the depreciation adjusted to write off the new book value, less salvage, over the remaining useful life.
  • The goods you can include in this category are usually useful assets that help your business well.
  • The below table shows the different depreciation calculations over 7 years of useful life using four different methods.
  • Fixed Assets are assets that are fixed in nature and are not subject to change.

However, this does not mean that effective plant asset management is not without its challenges. Plant assets are presented in the balance sheet under the heading of long-term assets/non-current assets as PPE (Property, Plant, and Equipment). The accumulated depreciation is also mentioned in the balance sheet under the PPE account. Equipment is also quite valuable and crucial to the operation of any organization. It propels operations forward and allows a company to generate money on a consistent basis. Equipment is also one of the most varied forms of plant assets since it differs based on the industry or the specific demands of each company.

What you will learn to do: Identify PP&E

Long-term investments, such as bonds and notes, are also considered noncurrent assets because a company usually holds these assets on its balance sheet for more than one fiscal year. PP&E refers to specific fixed, tangible assets, whereas what is a plant asset noncurrent assets are all of the long-term assets of a company. Proper depreciation accounting is essential for financial reporting, decision-making, and accurately assessing a company’s overall profitability and asset values.

  • The expected useful life of the machine is 7 years, and the salvage (scrap) value after 7 years will be $50,000.
  • In the end, be careful to distinguish between asset types both on the balance sheet and in practice.
  • Plant assets are directly related to production, so they are tangible assets.
  • In this article, we will briefly discuss the plant assets and their examples along with their importance in a business.

Plant assets are usually expensive, long-term investments made to underpin a company’s production process. Needless to say, they’re an enormously important part of producing goods and/or services in an economically efficient manner. A plant asset is an asset with a useful life of more than one year that is used in producing revenues in a business’s operations.

Depreciation On Plant Assets

As time goes on, plant assets wear down and must be replaced, although most companies try to extend useful life for as long as possible. Depreciation is the process by which a plant asset experiences wear and tear over a particular period of time. Depreciation expense — calculated in several different ways — is then carried through to the income statement and reduces net income.